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Business process outsourcing (BPO) is essential for any business that in a growth cycle

Many people are a little unclear what Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) means. And even more, they aren’t quite sure how Business Process Outsourcing could add value to their business.

Every successful business can adapt, problem-solve, and find more efficient ways of conducting their daily operations. However, it’s not enough to fix problems when they come up it is also important that businesses work to improve business processes before problems develop. Be able to see trends and either mitigate or capitalize on the trend. Companies want growth and improvement within your company, not just maintain a status quo.

Adopting a Business Process Outsourcing Model for select functions is one of the most popular and effective methods of streamlining a business. 

It is not surprising to come across several start-ups and firms that start with much promise and end up running out of steam in a few years. In most cases, they run out of cash or have inconsistent revenue. While the merit of a business idea and value proposition of products or services matters, entrepreneurs simply run out of time in many cases. One of the key reasons is failing to focus on core competence.

Many businesses attempt to do everything at once in their initial years. Even before a company has reached profitability, it could have swanky offices swarming with dozens of people to manage functions like human resources, marketing, bookkeeping, sales, and customer support.  

What BPO is used for?

Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) is used to outsource front-office administrative tasks like property listing and back-office tasks like research, accounting, and marketing. BPO allows business people the freedom to spend their productive time with the work for which they’re specialized, rather than being constrained by administrative duties.

Benefits of BPO

  • Lower costs. One of the main reasons organizations outsource is cost reduction.
  • Higher efficiency.
  • Focus on core business functions. 
  • Global expansion. 
  • Security issues. 
  • Over dependence on the Business Process Outsourcing company. 
  • Communication problems. 
  • Unforeseen or hidden costs.

Challenges in Building Expertise In-house

Rapidly developing expertise in multiple areas is a challenge for any growing business. For small businesses and start-ups typically lack the experience and budget to build knowledgeable teams. 

Let’s take the example of building an in-house customer support team. While the task may seem rather simple, all you need to do is bring on a few hires to answer phone calls and emails; it can become an unending challenge if not handled properly.

For starters, as a start-up, you are unlikely to have a training manager to help the customer support team with etiquettes and best practices. 

Add to that. You would have to explain all your products and services to the team and even build up different test cases and answer templates. 

Even after doing so, you will have to monitor them closely or deploy senior resources.

Now imagine you are a Consumer Products Company with seasonal variance in sales. 

During the holiday season, your orders may peak by several folds, and you will need to hire additional customer support executives to handle the overload. 

You might even need to extend office space to house the new resources. However, when the lean season comes, you remain stuck with extra resources and associated costs.

In contrast, if you had hired a Business Process Outsourcing firm to manage your customer support, you could avoid costs associated with insurance and other benefits, save on office space, and scale up and down whenever you need. 

But more importantly, you would have access to a trained team with the formidable customer support expertise and multiple layers of supervision.

Key Advantage of Outsourcing for Small and Midsize Businesses

It is a common misconception amongst several owners of small businesses that outsourcing is best suited for enterprises. 

Of course, enterprises have been taking advantage of outsourcing for ages, and they are reaping rich rewards. However, the advancement in technology has made it possible for small businesses to approach outsourcing with equal fervor. 

Add to that. It is now possible to come across specialized firms offering outsourcing services tailored towards small businesses. Let’s look at some of the key advantages of choosing to work with BPO firms.

How does BPO work?

how bpo works

Tap into Existing Expertise

When you are looking to build a successful business, it is critical to gain a competitive advantage over your peers. You are unlikely to achieve the same with a second-rate team. 

However, building a team of experts in every field is next to impossible for most small firms. Choosing to work with an outsourcing partner allows you to immediately secure the services of an expert team in their domain. For example, suppose you choose to work with online bookkeeping services

In that case, you will immediately gain access to consultants who are adept at negotiating complex tax compliance issues and even take advice from financial planners and IRS experts who are typically part of such teams.

Most reputed BPO firms specializing in any vertical would have a significant talent pool at their disposal. Add to it they would also have the training and managerial staff to ensure optimum service delivery.

Technology Advantage

If you secure the services of a reputed Business Process Outsourcing firm, you can instantly benefit from the technology prowess built up by the firm over time. 

They would also use the latest in communication and data management technologies. They are also likely to have several tools related to their specialization readily available with them.

For example, a customer support Business Process Outsourcing would have call routing, recording, compliance, and feedback tools readily available with them, which can be deployed for your business. 

Similarly, reputed bookkeeping services can quickly set up an online accounting platform suited for your needs, which can generate pay slips, generate invoices and do a host of related stuff.

Enter New Markets with Ease

With outsourced teams at your disposal, you can quickly enter new markets without going through a tiring setup process. 

For example, suppose you are selling your products in Texas and wish to open a new outlet in California. In that case, an outsourced business team can take care of market surveys, discovering rental properties, etc. 

Simultaneously, an online bookkeeping service can immediately help you meet local compliance requirements, say issues related to double taxation in California, without you bothering to read through several pages of the local tax code.

Significant Cost Savings

One of the biggest advantages of building a business foundation that exploits the power of business process outsourcing is the significant cost savings you can make. 

Outsourcing comes across as a boon for small businesses, from saving costs on costly office space to drastically reducing costs associated with insurance and other benefits.

There are several costs associated with setting up a new office which many entrepreneurs take time to figure out. 

For example, if you are looking to set up a ten-member in-house team, you need to shell out hardware and software costs. 

Some software such as commercial graphic packages and accounting software can set you back by significant amounts. 

Maintenance and power cost too can prove quite a handful for small businesses employing several people and occupying large office spaces. In contrast, choosing to outsource can save you from expending precious finances on such costs. 


BPOs allow you the flexibility to scale up or scale down your business at will without bothering about associated costs and related issues. 

There are costs associated with hiring, including charges you pay to recruitment firms, job portals, etc. Even more critical is the time you will expend on getting an in-house team up and running. 

For functions such as sales and marketing, building effective teams can turn into weeks of ongoing interviews and evaluations.

In the case of slack in business performance, the decision to fire employees can come with their associated challenges. 

These may include absorbing costs associated with the notice period, which can be steep if you are covered under the WARN Act in the USA, to dealing with possible frivolous lawsuits filed by disgruntled employees. 

Most likely, with an outsourced team, all you would need to do is send your Business Process Outsourcing partner an email to reduce headcount from the next billing cycle, and you are done. 

Types of BPO (Business Process Outsourcing)

bpo advantages

Because companies around the world provide BPO services to other organizations, Business Process Outsourcing can be divided into different types based on the service provider’s location:

  • Offshore outsourcing occurs when an organization contracts for services provided with a company in a foreign country.
  • Onshore outsourcing happens when an organization contracts for services provided by a company that operates in the same country as the hiring organization.
  • Nearshore outsourcing is when an organization contracts for services provided by companies based in neighboring countries.

Popular Business Functions That Can be Easily Outsourced

A host of business functions are immensely suitable for outsourcing. While customer service and tech support are often the default functions that most firms outsource at the first opportunity, increasingly more crucial business functions are getting outsourced. Let’s look at some popular outsourced functions. Why do companies outsource marketing?

Marketing Services

Typically most firms used to manage marketing functions in-house if they could afford it. However, with digital marketing overshadowing traditional forms of marketing, much technical expertise is needed today. 

Firms are increasingly looking to outsource marketing tasks like Content Marketing, Lead Generation, Digital PR, Social Media management, etc., to specialized teams or completely outsource the marketing function to agencies offering end-to-end marketing solutions. 

Outsourced marketing teams can quickly build up the scale of your marketing efforts and produce content elements like e-books, video collaterals, etc., which are difficult to produce in-house.

Bookkeeping Services

Organizations can completely outsource their bookkeeping services, including payroll process, tax compliance, financial planning, and other elements. 

Outsourced virtual bookkeeping services offer the best mix of technology and experts. Such firms are exceptionally good at handling tax intricacies, especially for entities planning to undertake business across different states or frequently engage in international transactions.

Product Development

Some companies are actively engaged in outsourcing its project development tasks. 

Especially in digital products and platforms, it is quite easy to engage an IT development team to develop products at a fraction of the cost than what one would expend in developing the product in-house. 

Even physical products like gadgets, apparel, and accessories are getting outsourced, with entrepreneurs focusing on product design and building revenue streams.  

Sales Functions

Small businesses are warming up to the idea of engaging the services of BPO firms specializing in Lead Generation tools and techniques, sales support, and even closing sales. 

In many cases, outsourced sales teams can complement the business development efforts of founders or in-house sales teams.

Building a Business Foundation Based on Outsourcing

benefits from business process outsourcing

Just deciding to outsource several business functions is unlikely to help you build a competitive advantage unless you plan it out properly. 

A proper outsourcing blueprint that considers salient aspects of your business can set you up on a path of success. Let’s look at some key steps you should take.

Segregate Core and Non-Core Functions

At the very outset, you should segregate your core and non-core functions based on your business idea and value proposition. 

For example, if you plan to develop a cutting-edge app with unique IP, you are better off keeping product development in-house. 

In such a case, you can look to outsource non-core items like bookkeeping, customer services, and even marketing functions at the very outset.

In contrast, if you are planning to launch a niche variation of an established product or service model, it would make sense for you to outsource product development and even service delivery through third-party BPO players. 

For example, someone looking to launch an e-commerce store for bespoke winter jackets can outsource everything from product development, marketing, customer service, accounting and just focus on achieving sales in their local area. 

alDepending on your business requirements and cost-benefit analysis, you may choose to outsource most of your non-core business functions.

Decide When you Wish to Outsource

Once you have figured out the business functions you plan to outsource, you need to decide when to outsource specific functions. 

The timing will most likely be linked to the business stage and how individual functions are panning out. 

For example, if you have just a couple of customers, securing the services of a customer support team may not be ideal. It is better to handle few customers yourself to understand the queries and challenges your product solution is throwing up. 

As your sales function ramps up, you can immediately sign up with a customer service BPO firm. In contrast, signing up with an online bookkeeping firm may be something you wish to explore when you have registered your business entity. 

For small businesses already in operation for some time, the opportune time to outsource business functions maybe when they expect sharp growth or when planning to enter new territory. 

Prepare your Ideal Service Level Agreements (SLAs)

When you engage a BPO partner, you need to typically sign a service level agreement that lays down your expectations and commitments from the Business Process Outsourcing provider. 

For example, a customer support Business Process Outsourcing firm may agree to a 95 percent uptime for a 24 X 7 operation. 

It is advisable to prepare a service level agreement beforehand based on your exact requirements and business expectations. 

It would provide you with a starting point to convey what you expect from the BPO provider and allow negotiations to be conducted in a structured manner.

BPO Market Size

According to the BPO Services Global Industry Almanac 2013-2022, released in May 2018 and the most recent almanac available, the overall BPO services sector generated revenues of $144.9 billion in 2017. That represents a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.3% between 2013 and 2017. The market is expected to reach $140.3 billion by 2022.

According to the report, the BPO services counted include the customer relationship management (CRM) function, KPO, finance and accounting, HR, procurement and vertical-specific processes.

The Risks of Business Process Outsourcing

risk with bpo

The global market size of services outsourced from the United States was $88.9 billion in 2017 and is expected to hit $140.3 billion by 2022, as Statista and The BPO Services Global Industry Almanac 2017 Company Report reported. 

For U.S. companies, India and the Philippines perform a large portion of the outsourcing services. India, in particular, is a leader in Business Process Outsourcing for the United States because its labor force is highly skilled, educated, English-speaking, and economical.

Final Thoughts on Business Process Outsourcing (BPO)

Increasingly small businesses are harnessing the power of Business Process Outsourcing to build key structures for their businesses. 

With remote work becoming the new normal, the impetus for outsourcing is gaining credence. 

As most customer interactions have moved to digital touch points, it’s probably the best time to explore new opportunities in outsourcing and develop a competitive advantage. 

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