Life Cycle Cost

Life Cycle Cost (LCC) is a crucial concept in the world of economics and business. It is a comprehensive analysis of the total costs incurred throughout the life span of a product or service. This includes not only the initial purchase cost but also the costs incurred in operating, maintaining, and disposing of the product or service. LCC provides businesses with a valuable tool to make informed decisions, ensuring the most cost-effective approach is taken.

What is Life Cycle Cost?

Life Cycle Cost is an economic analysis that determines the total cost of ownership of a product or service over its entire life cycle. This includes the cost of acquisition, installation, operation, maintenance, and disposal. It takes into account both direct costs, such as the purchase price, and indirect costs, such as downtime and replacement costs. LCC provides a comprehensive understanding of the financial implications of a product or service, helping businesses make informed decisions.

Why is it important?

LCC is important for businesses as it provides a holistic view of the costs associated with a product or service. By considering all costs over the life cycle, businesses can make better-informed decisions about which option is most cost-effective. This is particularly valuable in industries where products or services have a long life span, such as construction, manufacturing, and infrastructure. By understanding the total cost of ownership, businesses can minimize costs and maximize profits.

Who uses it?

LCC is used by a wide range of industries, including construction, manufacturing, software development, and infrastructure. In construction, LCC is used to evaluate the total costs of a building, from initial design and construction to operation and maintenance. In manufacturing, LCC is used to calculate the costs of producing a product, including raw materials, labor, and overhead costs. In software development, LCC is used to determine the lifetime costs of developing and maintaining software. In infrastructure, LCC is used to evaluate the costs of building and maintaining roads, bridges, and other public assets.

Use cases and applicability

1. Government infrastructure projects Government agencies often use LCC to assess the costs associated with building and maintaining infrastructure projects. LCC helps them determine the most cost-effective approach to ensure public assets are maintained efficiently.

2. Product development Product development teams use LCC to analyze the total costs associated with developing and launching a new product. This includes research and development costs, marketing expenses, and manufacturing costs.

3. Asset management Asset-intensive industries, such as energy and utilities, use LCC to manage their assets efficiently. This includes understanding the costs associated with maintaining and repairing equipment and determining the optimal time for replacement.

4. Procurement decisions LCC is also used in procurement to evaluate the total cost of ownership for products and services. This helps businesses make informed decisions when selecting suppliers and negotiating contracts.


Alternative cost, Whole life cost, Total cost of ownership, Total cost of possession, Cost of asset ownership.

In conclusion, Life Cycle Cost is a key economic concept that provides a comprehensive understanding of the total costs associated with a product or service over its entire life span. It is an essential tool used by businesses to make informed decisions and ensure the most cost-effective approach is taken. By considering all costs, LCC helps businesses minimize costs, maximize profits, and make strategic decisions that benefit their bottom line.

Scroll to Top